• Green, Brian D.
  • Irwin, Nigel
  • Cassidy, Roslyn S.
  • Gault, Victor
  • Flatt, Peter

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Long-term administration of PACAP receptor antagonist, PACAP(6-27), impairs glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in obese diabetic ob/ob mice




Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) is a ubiquitous peptide of the glucagon superfamily that is involved in glucose homeostasis and regulation of insulin secretion. This study employed the PACAP receptor antagonist, PACAP(6-27) to evaluate the role of endogenous PACAP in genetic obesity-related diabetes and related metabolic abnormalities using ob/ob mice. Acute in vivo antagonistic potency of PACAP(6-27) was confirmed in ob/ob mice by blockade of the insulin-releasing action but not hyperglycaemia. In longer-term studies, ob/ob mice were given once daily injections of PACAP(6-27) or vehicle for 14 days. Feeding activity, body weight, basal plasma glucose and plasma insulin concentrations were not significantly affected by chronic PACAP(6-27) treatment. However, PACAP(627) treatment impaired glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and the glycaemic response to feeding. Plasma glucagon and lipids were unchanged. These observations indicate a role of endogenous PACAP for normal glucose homeostasis, but indicate a minor involvement in the regulation of insulin secretion in ob/ob mice. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.