• Irwin, Nigel
  • Frizzelle, P
  • O'Harte, Finbarr
  • Flatt, Peter

Documents & Files

Metabolic effects of activation of CCK receptor signaling pathways by twice daily administration of the enzyme resistant CCK-8 analogue, (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8, in normal mice.




Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a hormone that has important physiological effects on energy balance. This study has utilized a stable CCK1 receptor agonist, (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8, to evaluate the metabolic effects of prolonged administration in normal mice. Twice daily injection of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 for 28 days resulted in significantly lowered body weights (P<0.05) on days 24 and 28 which was associated with decreased accumulated calorie intake (P<0.01) from day 12 onwards. Non-fasting plasma glucose was significantly reduced (P<0.05) on day 28, whilst plasma insulin concentrations were increased (P<0.05). After 28 days, glucose tolerance and glucose-mediated insulin secretion was not significantly different in (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 treated mice. However, following a 15 min refeeding period in 18 h fasted mice, glucose levels were significantly (P<0.05) decreased by (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 despite similar food intake and nutrient-induced insulin levels. Insulin sensitivity in (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 treated mice was significantly (P<0.01) improved compared with controls. Accumulation of triacylglycerol in liver was reduced (P<0.01) but there were no differences in circulating cholesterol and triacylglycerol concentrations, as well as triacylglycerol content of pancreatic, muscle and adipose tissue in (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 mice. These data highlight the beneficial metabolic effects of prolonged (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 administration and confirm lack of detrimental effects.